Safe driving on the highway
- Always observe highway speed limits.
- Activate your turning signal well in advance before changing lanes.
- Avoid sudden or erratic steering or you may lose control of your car and roll over.
- Take regular breaks. Don't drive while tired.
Safe driving at night
- Give your eyes some time to adjust to the light and shadows.
- Tilt your rear view mirror slightly to reduce the dazzling effect of the car headlights behind you. If your rear view mirror has the option, switch to night setting.
- Don't look directly at the headlights from cars travelling in the opposite direction.
- Don’t drive too fast: visibility is reduced at night, making it hard for you to see the road ahead.
Safe driving in fog
Visibility deteriorates in fog:
- Turn on your low beam headlights and fog lights.
- Reduce your speed and refrain from passing other vehicles.
- Leave enough time to react in an emergency by keeping a safe braking distance from the vehicle in front of you.
Safe driving in wind
- Reduce your speed. Be prepared to stop at any time.
- Close all windows. An open window can attract airborne particles like dust that can affect visibility.
- Keep an eye out for obstacles or debris being blown onto the road.
- Be aware that people may not hear your horn during strong windy conditions.
- If you’re carrying cargo on your vehicle, make sure it’s tied down securely.
- Be very careful passing taller vehicles especially in exposed areas or on bridges.
Safe driving in mountain areas
- Prior to setting off, check your brakes; test them and check the brake fluid.
- Carry the tools necessary in case you break down (for a full list see Precautions and Emergencies).
- Check the condition of your spare tire: the appropriate pressure is especially important.
- Carry extra food, appropriate clothing, and emergency aids.
- Check the weather and road conditions in the mountain area and choose your route wisely.
- Tell at least one other person where and when you are travelling and when you are due back so they can alert emergency services If you don't return on time.
- Blow your horn in advance if your view is blocked during cornering.
- Drive carefully and slow down in turns, especially when your view is blocked.
- Never speed or pass in sharp turns where you may not see oncoming vehicles.
Safe driving in mud
Simple ways to decide if you can get across the mud:
- When there’s heavy mud on the road or if you’re driving off-road, stop your vehicle and inspect the hardness and depth of the mud before driving through it.
- Observe tire tracks of other vehicles to gauge the depth and consistency of the mud.
- Determine the type of vehicles that have left the tracks from the sizes and widths of the track. Use that information as a reference to decide if you can get across.
Safe driving on ice and snow
- Drive with two hands. Always.
- Before turning, slow down while traveling in a straight line.
- While turning, maintain a slow and regular speed. If you accelerate suddenly, your tires could lose traction.
- While turning, don’t make any sudden steering wheel movements.
- Only brake in a straight line before the turn, and do so gradually. Do not brake during the turn.
- Increase your following distance from other cars significantly.
- If your wheels lock and slide, release the brake pedal to recover traction, then slowly brake again.
- Try to avoid changing lanes in slush. It’s safer to change lanes when slush is not on the road.
- If using chains, check for proper clearance between the tire and the vehicle, as well as the clearance between dual tires.
Want to learn more on winter conditions?
Browse our Winter Driving guide